Depression is a highly complex medical condition. There are many types of depression, and each type will have a different set of symptoms. The psychological and emotional challenges of depression are certainly not easy to overcome. If you are suffering from depression and want to get it under control, you need to speak to a physician and find a treatment plan that will do the trick. So in this article, you will know about types of depression in detail.
Types Of Depression
Depression can suck. A lot. For a lot of people, depression is an authentic and personal thing. It tends to follow a person for the rest of their life, no matter what they do or try. While there are many different types of depression, these are the most common:
Major Depressive Disorder
Major depressive disorder, also known as MDD and clinical depression, has intense and overwhelming symptoms like low mood, lack of interest, and fatigue lasting more than two weeks. These symptoms interfere with everyday life.
People with bipolar disorder can experience alternative periods of low and extremely high. During a low period, they can experience low moods, hopelessness, and lacking energy. During the high phase, a person must admit to the hospital, affecting your grip on reality.
Persistent Depressive Disorder
Persistent depressive disorder, also known as PDD and dysthymia. Symptoms of Persistent depressive disorder are less severe than major depression. But people can experience these symptoms for more than two years and more.
Perinatal and Postpartum Disorders
Perinatal depression affects some mothers after childbirth. Some people think that it’s baby blues, but it can be more severe than that. It can cause sadness and worry or stress. This type of depression has been linked to major hormonal shifts that happen during pregnancy. After giving birth, estrogen and progesterone levels rapidly drop in a mother’s body. It leads to changes in the mother’s brain and intense mood swings.
People with psychosis and depression will experience severe depressive symptoms, delusion, or hallucinations. Delusions are things that are not based in reality, and hallucinations involve seeing, hearing, or feeling touched by unrealistic things. Apart from these symptoms, the person can experience anxiety, confusion, paranoia, and more.
Seasonal Affective Depression
Seasonal affective depression, also known as SAD, is a depression that follows a seasonal pattern. Most people suffering from SAD suffer symptoms of SAD in winter, and some people experience them in summer. SAD can be linked to a deficiency of vitamin D that the sun produces. Tiredness, irritability, headache, and more are the common symptoms of SAD.
The type of depression that you read above is the type of clinical depression. Regular exercise, enough sleep, and spending time with friends and family can improve depression symptoms. Counseling by a professional counselor can also help in treating depression.
Antidepressants prescribed by professional doctors can also help in improving clinical depression. Moreover, therapy like massage, hypnosis, and more are also effective in treating depression. Brain stimulation therapy helps people with psychosis and severe depression. Although, every type of depression has different treatments.
People don’t take depression seriously and take a risk with their mental health. Every type of depression has its treatment. It would help to seek help from doctors.